“Besides the advantage of being armed, which the Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation, the existence of subordinate governments, to which the people are attached, and by which the militia officers are appointed, forms a barrier against the enterprises of ambition, more insurmountable than any which a simple government of any form can admit of.” – James Madison, Federalist No. 46, January 29, 1788
“The right of the citizens to keep and bear arms has justly been considered, as the palladium of the liberties of a republic…” – Joseph Story, Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States, 1833
“I ask who are the militia? They consist now of the whole people, except a few public officers.” – George Mason, Address to the Virginia Ratifying Convention, June 4, 1788
Another mass shooting, another round of calls from progressives to have a “national discussion” about gun violence. You can be sure they mean “national lecture.” Given the left’s propensity for cultivating moral outrage today, you can be pretty sure that few progressives actually want to hear your defense of the Second Amendment. But if you find one who does, consider memorizing the basics of these arguments.